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How do you treat diabetes?
If you have diabetes, your doctor may recommend a number of at-home remedies to help you manage your symptoms and keep the condition's progression at bay. These include:
Eating healthy foods: This means staying away from salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats. Aim to have a large portion of your food intake come from veggies (especially leafy green ones), fruits, and other natural sources. This will help you reach and stay at a healthy weight, keep your blood sugar in a good range, and help to prevent cardiovascular problems, such as blood vessels and heart disease.
Get plenty of physical activity: Exercising, like proper nutrition, is good advice for everyone. If you're a diabetic, it can help keep you at a healthy weight, keep your heart and lungs healthy, and may even help your body regulate blood sugar.
Be consistent with your medicine: Follow all instructions given by your health care provider.
Test your blood sugar consistently: Glucose monitoring will not only help you keep track of how well the above steps are working, but it can also help you catch any complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis, which can be deadly if not treated.
What is the best treatment for diabetes?
Treatment for diabetes involves keeping a close eye on your blood sugar levels and keeping them in the target range set by your doctor through a combination of diet, exercise, and medication.
Your doctor may recommend you check your blood glucose levels daily. An instrument called a glucometer is used to check the blood sugar by dabbing a sample of your blood on a strip of paper. A newer device, known as a continuous glucose monitor (CGM), can be attached to your body and can measure your blood sugar every few minutes for up to a week at a time.
Monitoring your glucose gives you and your doctor a better idea of your body's changing need for insulin. For some people with type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise may be enough to control your diabetes. Others will need medication, which may be either an oral drug or insulin. There are a variety of oral drugs that a doctor may choose to prescribe, that each works in different ways. Insulin may be administered either as a shot, an insulin pen, or have an insulin pump.
How can I reverse diabetes naturally?
Diabetes is a serious illness that you cannot treat on your own. You will want to see a doctor, and possibly build a team of health professionals, to help with your diabetes management. While there is no cure for diabetes, in some cases type 2 diabetes can be reversed. This means that the disease is in remission and your blood sugar levels can stay in a healthy range without needing medication. The key to this is often weight loss. Consult your health care team to figure out what method is best for you.
What are the risk factors for diabetes?
The exact cause of type 1 is unknown, though risk factors may include: family history, environment, presence of autoantibodies, and geography. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes may include:
- Being overweight
- Family history
- High blood pressure
- Low HDL ("good cholesterol") or high triglyceride levels
What is a diabetes care plan?
A diabetes care plan is a written document detailing the specific needs of diabetic students for the faculty and staff. It includes information such as what foods and medicines they take, when to take them, how much, and how the medicine is administered. Children and students with diabetes should have a care plan on file at their schools.
What are the possible complications of diabetes?
Possible complications from diabetes include:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Kidney disease
- Eye damage
- Nerve damage
- Foot problems
- Skin conditions
What are the four types of diabetes?
There are four main kinds of diabetes. They are:
Prediabetes: This is when your blood sugar is too high, but not high enough for your doctor to diagnose it as diabetes. It can, however, make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease. More than a third of all people in the United States have prediabetes, though most are unaware of it. Exercising more and losing weight can lower the risk of it progressing.
Type 1 diabetes: Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It occurs when your body attacks your pancreas with antibodies causing the organ to stop producing insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: With type 2 diabetes, the pancreas usually produces some insulin, but it either doesn't produce enough, or the body doesn't use it correctly. About 90% of people who have diabetes have type 2. People who are obese (more than 20% over their target body weight) are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: Pregnancy often causes some amount of insulin resistance. When it gets bad enough to become diabetes it is known as gestational. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 2%-10% of pregnancies and it usually goes away after birth. However, about 10% of women who have gestational diabetes get type 2 later on.