Pap Smear

Gynecologists use pelvic exams and pap smears to examine your genitals and reproductive system for abnormalities and screen for cancers, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and cysts. The ACOG recommends that women begin getting pelvic exams and pap tests at age of 21.

Pelvic exams generally include:

  • A visual examination of the vulva
  • An examination of the vagina and cervix using a speculum, an instrument that holds open the walls of the vagina to allow the gynecologist to visually examine the cervix
  • An internal exam to check for abnormalities, as well as the size and position of the uterus and ovaries

The pap test consists of:

  • Collection of cells from the cervix taken with a small brush

Pap tests are used to screen for cervical cancer and are usually conducted at the same time as a pelvic exam.

The ACOG recommends that women receive pap tests every 3 years starting at the age of 21. Sesame offers convenient and affordable visits with quality doctors so you can get the care you need without any surprise bills or hidden fees. Just real, quality care at upfront prices. Book a visit today.

It is generally recommended that women get a Pap smear test every three years, starting at the age of 21. Women above the age of 30 may choose to get Pap smears every five years, but you should consult with a gynecologist to determine a time interval that suits your needs.

Pap smears detect changes or abnormalities in cervical cells, which are strong indicators of cervical cancer. Routine Pap smear tests can help catch cervical cancer early when it can more easily be treated. Like routine breast exams, consider regular Pap smears as a key part of cancer prevention.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that women first see an OB/GYN between the ages of 13-15. Many issues and concerns before the age of 13 can be handled by a primary care physician.

A patient's first OB/GYN visit will often cover development. There may be personal questions about puberty, menstrual periods, and sexual activity. Most girls will not need a pap smear or pelvic exam on their first visit unless they are experiencing abnormal pain or bleeding. Often, the OB/GYN conducts a general health exam and an external genital exam.

A general health exam includes:

  • Measurement of height
  • Measurement of weight
  • Blood pressure check

An external genital exam includes:

  • An examination of the vulva

The external genital exam can help girls learn about pregnancy prevention, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and understand more generally the anatomy of the female reproductive system.

Save up to 60% on your next OB/GYN visit when you book through Sesame.

Obstetricians and gynecologists are very similar - but there are some differences between the two.


Obstetrics deals specifically with all aspects of pregnancy, including prenatal and postnatal care. Obstetricians are responsible for delivering babies and treating pregnancy-related issues, such as fetal distress and ectopic pregnancies (the fetus grows outside of the uterus). Obstetricians, along with endocrinologists, can also provide therapy to help with fertility and pregnancy issues.


Gynecologists specialize in the female reproductive system and treat a broad array of women's health conditions.

Gynecologists help women with reproductive issues from their first period through menopause. Gynecologists will also perform a number of regular tests and exams, such as:

  • Pap smear (to screen for cervical cancer)
  • Breast exams (screening for breast cancer)
  • Pelvic exams (screening for ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, STIs, and cancer)

Gynecologists can also be consulted for:

  • Contraceptive/ birth control counseling
  • Endometriosis treatment
  • Abnormal/ irregular menstruation
  • Polyps in the reproductive system (usually in the cervix or vagina)
  • Infection (such as UTIs or STIs)

Most doctors will undergo training to specialize in both obstetrics and gynecology. This allows the provider to offer more complete and comprehensive care to patients. Providers who specialize in both obstetrics and gynecology are known as OB/GYNs.

OB/GYNs have special training to be able to diagnose and treat conditions related to women's health and the female reproductive system. Visits to an OB/GYN clinic play a key role in maintaining your health and wellness and in staying one step ahead of chronic conditions. Some common health services provided by an OB/GYN include:

  • Pap smears
  • Pelvic exams
  • Breast exams/ breast cancer screening
  • STI tests
  • Ultrasounds
  • Fertility/ Contraceptive counseling

If you are dealing with a health concern or medical condition, an OB/GYN has the training to perform a number of surgeries and procedures such as:

  • Removal of cysts on ovaries (ovarian cysts)
  • Uterine fibroid removal
  • Cesarean sections
  • Hysterectomy
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Endometriosis therapy

Depending on your health history or health concerns, an OB/GYN may provide a referral for a specialist such as an endocrinologist or a doctor of urogynecology.

Save up to 60% when you book your OB/GYN visit through Sesame.

  1. Home
  2. Pap smear
  3. Ramapo, NY