Some conditions and disorders that an SLP can provide treatment plans for include:
Articulation and speech disorders: Conditions such as apraxia of speech or dysarthria can occur in children or individuals who have suffered brain damage. These disorders can make it challenging to create speech sounds or control muscle movement required for speech.
Language disorders: Language disorders, such as aphasia, commonly occur in individuals who have suffered a brain injury. These disorders make it difficult for individuals to understand speech or written language. In addition, individuals dealing with language disorders can have a hard time using words to express how they are feeling or what they want.
Social communication: Individuals who have been diagnosed with autism, or similar neurological-developmental disorders, may experience difficulty with communication skills. Speech pathologists can help these individuals learn how to take turns while speaking, how to communicate with different types of people in various settings, and how close to stand to someone while speaking to them.
Cognitive-communication disorders: Individuals who have been diagnosed with cognitive impairments or disabilities may see an SLP for help with memory, attention, problem-solving, and organization.
Voice disorders: Voice disorders may be caused by a pre-existing condition such as polyps, cancerous lesions, muscle tension, or damage done to the vocal cords by laryngitis. These conditions can affect the way our voice sounds. Individuals managing a vocal disorder may experience hoarseness or may lose their voice easily. These disorders may also cause an individual to talk too loud or quietly.
Fluency disorders: Fluency disorders, like stuttering, affect the way an individual “flows” through speech. An individual dealing with a stutter may pause, or use “um” or “uh” frequently in speech. A stutter might also manifest as a repeated sound in a word, like saying “d-d-dog”. Fluency disorders are most common in children but may affect adults as well.
Swallowing disorders: Swallowing disorders, such as dysphagia, are characterized by difficulty swallowing food or liquid. Individuals with dysphagia may also experience pain while swallowing. Swallowing disorders may be caused by muscular weakness in the tongue, cheek, or throat muscles; brain damage; or esophageal disorders. This can lead to complications such as weight loss and malnutrition.