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Common Brand Name: Buspar

Drug Information

Medically reviewed by Jessica Swirble, PharmD
Last updated on 3/27/2024

Drug Information | Side Effects | Use & Dosage | Request a Prescription

Quick facts
  • Brand Name: Buspar
  • Generic Name: Buspirone
  • Uses: Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and other anxiety-related conditions
  • Drug Class: Azapirone (Anxiolytic)
  • Availability: Prescription only
  • Generic Status: Yes
  • Controlled Substance: No

What is buspirone?

Buspirone is a medication prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is classified as an azapirone, which is a relatively new type of medication that works by affecting certain neurotransmitters in the brain.

What conditions does buspirone treat?

Buspirone is primarily used to treat anxiety disorders or the symptoms of anxiety.

It may also be prescribed off-label for other anxiety-related conditions as determined by your healthcare provider.

How does buspirone work?

Buspirone works by affecting the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine in the brain. It has a unique mechanism of action compared to other anxiolytics, helping to reduce anxiety symptoms without causing sedation or dependence.

How do I take buspirone?

Buspirone is typically taken orally, usually two times a day. It can be taken with or without food. However, you should stay consistent: either always take it with food or always take it without food. Take buspirone consistently to maintain steady levels in your bloodstream. Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate dosage and dosing schedule based on your condition and response to treatment.

Consult your healthcare provider for specific instructions on how to take citalopram properly.

How long until I feel better?

The time it takes to experience improvements in your anxiety symptoms while taking buspirone can vary. Some individuals may notice changes within a few days, while it may take several weeks for others to feel the full benefits. It's crucial to continue taking buspirone as prescribed, even if you start feeling better, to ensure the best outcome.

Are there other uses for buspirone?

While buspirone is primarily used for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), healthcare providers may sometimes prescribe it off-label for other conditions, including:

  • Social Anxiety Disorder (Social phobia)
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Depression
  • Substance abuse
  • Teeth grinding

Discuss any alternative uses of buspirone with your healthcare provider.

Dosage forms of buspirone

Buspirone is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Oral tablets: Available in strengths ranging from 5mg to 30mg.
  • Oral suspension: Available in a concentration of 5mg/5mL.

Generic versions of buspirone are available under various brand names.

Buspirone is a prescription medication. You will need a valid prescription from a licensed healthcare provider to obtain this drug.