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About Dyslexia

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Dyslexia is a very common learning disability that can make it very difficult to learn to read. Dyslexia is generally inherited through genetics and affects roughly 15-20% of the population in some form or another. The condition develops in the part of the brain that processes language and articulation and affects how you relate letters to sounds or cognitively break down words.

Common symptoms of dyslexia include:

  • Difficulty spelling
  • Difficulty reading
  • Confusing similar letters
  • Late speech development
  • Problems with sounding out words or pronouncing words
  • Difficulty with memorization or reading comprehension
  • Spelling problems

Dyslexia has nothing to do with intelligence or vision. The condition doesn’t affect other forms of cognitive functioning or the ability to perform daily tasks. There is no common cause of dyslexia, but it has been shown to run in families. There is no defined “cure” for dyslexia either, but it can be successfully managed with specialized education techniques and individualized learning plans.

Dyslexia can often go undiagnosed into adulthood. There are no blood or lab tests to screen for the presence of the disorder, instead, dyslexia is usually diagnosed with a sequence of assessments and evaluations. Treatment is generally more effective the earlier it begins. If you notice any of the symptoms above as your child begins to learn to read, it is recommended that you speak to an educational psychologist or health care provider as early as possible.

Treatment Options

Treatment for dyslexia commonly involves a combination of educational strategies and learning plans. During your appointment, talk to your provider about the treatment plan that is best for you or your child.