Bacterial Vaginosis Appointments in Spring Valley, NV
About bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis - often referred to as BV - is a change in the bacteria within the vagina. The vagina contains naturally occurring bacteria and fungus that help protect the area and keep it clean. When this balance is thrown off, due to an overgrowth and/or change in the species of bacteria growing within it, it can result in bothersome symptoms.
Common symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include:
- Off-white, grey, or greenish vaginal discharge
- A foul-smelling, “fishy” odor
- Soreness or pain
BV is most common in women between the ages of 15 and 50, or women in their “reproductive years”. Nearly 1 in 3 women will experience bacterial vaginosis at some point in their lives.
This bacterial infection is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), although it may increase your risk of contracting one. There is no one cause of bacterial vaginosis. Common causes include:
- Sex: It is rare for women to develop bacterial vaginosis if they are not sexually active. Women with multiple sexual partners, women who have unprotected sex, and women who have sex with women are at greater risk of getting BV.
- Douching: Douching kills off good bacteria (lactobacilli) in the vagina, increasing the risk of bad bacteria (anaerobes) overgrowing and causing an infection.
Bacterial vaginosis is generally very treatable and rarely causes complications. If left untreated, however, it can increase your risk of contracting an STI or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes. In pregnant women, bacterial vaginosis has been linked to premature deliveries and babies that weigh less than normal.
Bacterial vaginosis may clear up on its own, but an ongoing infection can leave you susceptible to sexually transmitted infections and other complications. Therefore, if you are experiencing symptoms of bacterial vaginosis, talk to a health care provider. BV is commonly and effectively treated with a course of antibiotics. During your appointment, talk to your provider about the treatment that is best for you.